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(en) France, Union Communiste Libertaire AL #309 - Ecology, Major useless projects: the ZAD du Carnet, to defend the Loire estuary (de, it, fr, pt)[machine translation]
Wed, 18 Nov 2020 10:34:54 +0200
The Loire estuary is under threat from the extension of the large seaport of
Nantes Saint-Nazaire. A ZAD was established on the Carnet site, while in Donges,
almost opposite, the occupation of a farm gave birth to the People's Village. The
two are now launching a joint appeal to join the estuary in defense. ---- The
Grand Maritime Port of Nantes Saint-Nazaire and the local agglomeration community
are seeking to spread new industries on both sides of the Loire. On the one hand,
the island of Carnet, the center of a victorious anti-nuclear fight of the 80s
and 90s, since re-savaged, today a mosaic of dry and wet environments, intended
to be partly backfilled but defended by a whole new area to defend since August
31: La ZAD du Carnet.
On the other hand, a 57 hectare grove and a place of collective and supportive
life, in an old farm where families with children live, now threatened: clearing
in progress, eviction scheduled for early October. The People's Village (VDP),
the Stop Carnet collective and the Carnet ZAD are launching a joint call to join
the Loire estuary.
Resistance against the proposed industrial zone dedicated to environmental
technologies on the banks of the Loire has taken root on the Carnet site, where
110 hectares of natural area and 116 protected species are threatened . The
festive mobilization weekend organized by the Stop Carnet collective on August 29
and 30 brought together nearly 1,500 people and made it possible to sensitize the
local population and the media to the ecological consequences of such a project.
The establishment of the ZAD au Carnet
Following the collective's call to prevent the works the following Monday,
activists from all over France erected barricades to block access to bulldozers.
Unfortunately, the start of work on the so-called " compensatory " measures
had started on the sly the previous week. This work, which was to remove the
baccharis, an invasive plant, was carried out with a bulldozer, devastating
everything in its path (30 cm of arable land over several hundred square meters):
the edge of the Loire begins to sag and part of the reed beds has been devastated ...
To prevent the work, activists from all over France set up barricades.
But the ZAD prevents the continuation of work and daily life is organized on the
spot: barricades have been erected on the two access points to the area, adjacent
unused land is squatted, camps have been created at various strategic locations.
of the area. On these places, light self-constructions are emerging to protect
the inhabitants from the cold and the rain: common living spaces arranged thanks
to the recovery and donations of materials, bicycle repair workshop to move
around the site , etc.
The young ZAD breaks free from the rules imposed by capitalism and hopes to
federate in order to establish a sufficient physical and material balance of
power against the promoters of the project, the Grand Port Maritime de Nantes -
Saint-Nazaire, the political actors (State, Region, Department) and economic
players (Engie, Cargill, Total ...).
However, it does not plan to evolve, in the event of victory, into a definitive
Autonomous Zone, due to the great fragility of the ecosystem - the ambition being
rather to protect the zone in order to sanctify it. The Stop Carnet collective,
for its part, essential support for the ZAD, mobilizes legal remedies and
organizes events in order to raise awareness, mobilize and reflect on a more
desirable Loire estuary, far from the artificialization and commodification of
the environment. living.
The activists present on the spot face a very particular repression. Although the
new Loire-Atlantique prefect Didier Martin does not seem in a hurry to evacuate
the area, preferring first to focus on the eviction of the Village of the people
of Donges, constant surveillance takes place.
In fact, a helicopter flies over the area daily, drones have already been
sighted, infiltration attempts have taken place, high-level surveillance
equipment has been spotted, and daily police checks take place on the roads
leading to the zoned.
The People's Village under threat of eviction
Almost opposite the site of the Carnet industrial project, on the other side of
the Loire, a natural and agricultural area of 57 hectares is threatened by
another project to extend the industrial activities of the great maritime port of
Nantes Saint-Nazaire ! Resistance to the work which should begin shortly
materialized in the occupation of a farm and agricultural land which had to be
razed for the extension of the industrial site of Donges.
In May 2019, a few yellow vests and members of the former People's House of
Saint-Nazaire gathered in the countryside of Donges, at a place called La Petite
Lande, to renovate and maintain an old abandoned farmhouse, in the goal of
developing an autonomous village and preserving this place and its surroundings.
In the meantime, some have left, others have arrived, especially since the end of
confinement. They have joined the Sourie'ion anti-waste collective which collects
unsold products from the markets.
The land of 10 hectares includes, in addition to the house, an old press, a bread
oven and an adjoining workshop, a well and a barn. This land and its buildings
were bought by a private company for future demolition and an expansion of the
industrial zone of Donges. The surrounding land, belonging to a horse breeder,
would also be affected (45 hectares).
The occupation of this place therefore also aims to preserve this environment. A
person on the spot testifies: " Our project is the development of an autonomous
village with vegetable and fruit crops, by promoting creative, alternative, green
energy, eco-construction and participatory projects " projects .
Following the court's decision to expel the people's village in early October, it
is appealing for support. A festive weekend will be held there for the occasion
on October 3 and 4.
ZAD activists, with the UCL Ecology commission
 See Libertarian Alternative of July-August 2020, " Destructive projects: on
the banks of the Loire, the threat of an industrial zone " .
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