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(en) France, Manifesto of the UCL - For libertarian communism (fr, it, pt)[machine translation]

Date Wed, 31 Jul 2019 07:52:45 +0300

Unlike predatory capitalism, unable to stop its flight forward destructive to the planet, libertarian communism can achieve a balance between productive capacity, the needs of the population and the capabilities of the biosphere. ---- Self-management must abolish hyphenated leadership. ---- cc Mathieu Colloghan ---- The social project we are proposing is based on the concrete experience of workers in struggle, in revolutionary times or not: factories recovered and self-managed, free communes, workers councils, socialized industries, agrarian communities, federations ... ---- We call this project libertarian communism, not by reference to the "communist" Marxist-Leninist current, but in the continuity of a more ancient and wider current: anarchist, syndicalist, councilist, anti-authoritarian.

By communism, we mean the pooling of the means of production, without private or private appropriation, decentralized, that is to say without class and without state, and the distribution of wealth created according to the needs of each and everyone.

By libertarian, we mean a society whose objective and condition is the emancipation of individuals, which involves economic and social equality and a federalist, self-managing democracy.

Libertarian communism is the project of a society in evolution, animated by a permanent revolutionary process, which progressively spreads the new society on all the terrestrial surface, and which gains and integrates little by little the whole population.

Unlike predatory capitalism, unable to stop its flight forward destructive to the planet, libertarian communism can achieve a balance between productive capacity, the needs of the population and the capabilities of the biosphere.

We indicate here some major axes of this project, as we can conceive it in its first phase of construction, that is to say while the whole population has not yet been won, that the revolution still has many enemies inside and outside, and what must be done with capitalism's legacy of technology, land-use planning and social inequality.

Self-management production reports
Communism as we understand it rests on three inseparable points: socialization of the means of production and exchange ; self-management of each work unit ; democratic planning of production.

* Socialization means that the means of production and exchange are a social property, a "common good" of the whole society, and are placed under the dual responsibility of industrial federations (metallurgy, building, agro-food ...) and territorial levels most appropriate (municipalities, regions, federation ...). Each industrial federation is co-ordinated by a very broad board of workers' delegates from the various production sites.

The affiliation of each site to an industrial federation guarantees a logic of cooperation and complementarity, against the logic of competition and competition prevailing within the framework of the capitalist market.

* Self-management means the decision-making power of assemblies of workers, with complete freedom of expression and democratic votes. Self-management must abolish the hyphenated leadership, the hierarchy between trades and, in general, the fragmentation of work.

In self-management, the managers, delegates, coordinators and coordinators are elected and dismissed by the grassroots assemblies, who are required to implement the major choices in the organization of work, on the basis of an imperative mandate.

The reversal of the relations of production implies a radical transformation of the nature of the work. The manual and intellectual functions, separated by capitalism, must be reunited: every worker must be able to participate in the design and decision, for the production process and for its purpose. His working time incorporates decision-making, execution and continuous training. Ambitioning, with the hiring of the unemployed and with the elimination of useless functions, a redistribution and a massive reduction of working time.

This disalienation of work profoundly reshapes the productive apparatus and the role of technologies. With human-sized production sites, easier to self-manage. With technologies that are no longer used by capitalists to intensify exploitation, but are adapted to the real needs of work collectives.

* Democratic planning means that production is no longer guided by the race for profit, but by the needs of the population. The use value takes precedence over the market value. However, human needs will never be "objective": they are based on cultural data, personal aspirations, but also on what is materially available.

The diversity of needs therefore calls for the coexistence of a mechanism of general planning and a sphere of exchange of goods, at the initiative of individuals and communities.

Planning must identify needs and direct production towards the satisfaction of basic needs, in compliance with ecological imperatives: housing, food, travel, health, training ... Neither competing nor contradictory, the sphere of spontaneous exchanges must allow everyone's access to complementary businesses and services.

The movement of yellow vests has returned the aspiration to the direct democracy to the taste of the day. Here the GA of Saint-Nazaire, in April 2019.
Yves Monteil / Reporterre
A direct and federalist democracy
The difference between a parliamentary state and a self-managing federation is radical: the overthrow of power ; mandate of the responsible for the coordination and the current management, but refusal of the delegation of the power on the big decisions, and thus direct democracy.

This direct democracy rests on three points: federation of territories ; popular assemblies ; imperative mandate (in connection with the self-management structures present within the work units).

* The federation of territories means that society is structured from municipalities, then regions, because they are the spaces most directly controllable by the population.

The federated regions do not necessarily reproduce the division of the old administrative regions. The important thing is that they achieve productive autonomy in agriculture and industry, to allow maximum exchange in short circuits.

Libertarian communism aims for a universal federation of regions across linguistic boundaries. This federation has common rules, guaranteeing the protection of each individual and each community. Federalism avoids the two pitfalls of bureaucratic centralism on the one hand and the fragmentation of society on the other. It is the balance between the initiative and the autonomy of the federated units, and the solidarity between all ; it is the pooling of resources and the structuring of interregional public services; it is an interdependence without hierarchy where, on common questions, collective choices are made and applied by all. Federalism implies an open conception of society as a place to seek a balance between the general interest and the particular interest, without ever reducing one to the other.

* The people's assemblies are the democratic reference cell. They do not mean a perpetual assembly, forcing everyone to spend their lives in a meeting to control every detail of the life of the city. Unable to gather, in the same lapse of time, a fraction of the population, the assemblies must be an arena where the great projects are discussed ; a democratic step before a formal consultation of the population, at each relevant level, decides between the main lines in competition.

It is also in these popular assemblies that the delegates who form the councils of the communes, regions and federation are mandated and eventually dismissed.

Direct democracy implies freedom of expression and organization, freedom of worship, freedom of the press. Organized currents of thought can defend their point of view and feed the debate, but delegates are mandated collectively. Once designated, they must apply collective decisions, not those of their tendency.

* The imperative mandate means that delegates to councils of municipalities, regions or the federation are not elected on a program and promises, with a delegated mandate. They are chosen according to their integrity and their skills, to coordinate the implementation of collective decisions, within the framework of an imperative and revocable mandate where the fund does not change but where the form can evolve. function of the arguments.

The self-managing federalist democracy represents a radically new form of collective power, breaking with the governing-governed division, with the state-society divide, and with all class systems. Each and every one being associated with this collective power, the government goes down to the workshop and to the commune: it is the self-government of society that responds to the self-management of production.

The self-defense of society
The need to defend the new society from its internal and external enemies involves forms of self-defense before which revolutionaries can not retreat.

At least during the first phase of the revolution, the persistence of social deficiencies, racist, homophobic, sexist, destructive and environmental crimes forces us to think deeply about the establishment of an emancipatory right and rehabilitative and restorative justice.

However, the structures of self-defense and justice of the society will have to be closely related to the population and controlled by the councils, in complete rupture with the repressive organs of the old society.

The risks of militarization or policing are evident in a revolutionary period and require keen vigilance. The purpose of libertarian communism is a society free from military and police control.

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