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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #296 - Sudan: The Petromarchies Telegraph the Counter-Revolution (fr, it, pt)[machine translation]

Date Tue, 30 Jul 2019 09:45:14 +0300

The bloody repression of June 3 marked a turning point. The upsurge of popular mobilization has followed a shifting situation. The people mourn their deaths, but continue to demand the departure of the military junta to the orders of Ryad and Abu Dhabi. ---- The euphoria is no longer appropriate: the people of Khartoum now know that the military junta wants to stay at all costs. For the moment, the revolutionary strategy remains based on peaceful demonstrations and civil disobedience. But, as in Syria in 2011, what will happen if the armed forces engage in new bloodshed ? ---- Sudan is dominated by an Islamo-militarist oligarchy whose keystone was, for thirty years, General Omar al-Bashir. Armed arm of the Muslim Brotherhood for ten years, he then emancipated from the brotherhood to start his own ... and that of the various mafia clans who phagocyted the state apparatus, enriching through oil exports , gold, but also mercenaries. As a pillar of Chinafrica, Sudan sends its soldiers to Yemen, where they serve as foot soldiers at the Emirati and Saudi headquarters, and in Libya, alongside Marshal Haftar, with the support of the Egyptian sponsor.

The two Sudanese oligarchs who have been most talked about lately are the generals Abdel Fattah al-Burhane and Mohammed Hamdane Daglo, known as " Hemetti ". The latter led the famous Jandjaweed militia that " pacified " the Darfur region in 2004-2006 at the cost of 200,000 dead. Since 2013, the Janjaweed have gained respectability by becoming a regular corps, earning an official acronym - FSR, for Rapid Support Forces. But they have not changed their methods: killing, rape, looting.

On April 11, after several weeks of popular protest, Omar al-Bashir was therefore removed by the army. With other oligarchs, Al-Burhane and Hemetti then formed a military junta (" transition " of course). The petro-monarchies of the Gulf dubbed them, and gave them the necessary weapons for a resumption of the situation.

An air of Tahrir
Their problem, indeed, is that the popular uprising does not fall. Weeks after the fall of El-Bashir, the massive self-organized revolutionary sit-in in Khartoum continued to attract thousands of people demanding the departure of the junta. A democratic and popular forum reminiscent of Tahrir Square, Cairo, eight years ago.

In Khartoum, in April 2019, the crowd listens to the speech of Alaa Saleh, a 22-year-old revolutionary.
cc Lana H. Haroun
The power has therefore tried to finish. On May 31, he set up a counter-revolutionary demonstration. Thousands of local villagers were transported to Khartoum by bus. They are paraded by shouting " Power to Islam ! Power to the army ! Brandishing portraits of Hemetti and Al-Burhane.

On June 3, the FSRs went into action, devastating the sit-in in a riot of violence - more than a hundred dead. The previously relatively untouched population of the capital has suddenly uncovered a tiny fraction of the barbarity that the Sudanese state was capable of in the " uncivilized " outlying areas of Darfur and Southern Sudan.

After this shock, the associations that lead the fight started a general strike that lasted three days. The Janjawid, they, parade armed in the main arteries, but the calm income is deceptive. Their pick-ups do not penetrate the barren streets of Khartoum neighborhood, where they are hated, and where protest rallies continue to emerge at night, a few dozen meters away from the killers.

Guillaume Davranche (UCL Montreuil)

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